About

2014 marks the 200th anniversary of the ‘Restoration’ of the Jesuits. Founded in 1540 by St Ignatius and his first companions, the Jesuits were to become an important religious order, with ministries and missions in many parts of the world. As they developed many new works and gained in influence, Jesuits found themselves more and more in clashes with those who held power. These tensions reached a climax in July 1773 when Pope Clement XI, under pressure from the crowns of Spain, Portugal and France, suppressed the Jesuits and ordered them to leave all Catholic countries. It was not until 1814 that the restoration of the Jesuits could be completed, when on 7 August Pope Pius VII attended the Jesuit Church of the Gesù in Rome, celebrated mass at the altar of St Ignatius with 18 cardinals and many other bishops and priests, and pronounced the Jesuits restored everywhere. Since 1814 the Jesuits have once again established ministries and missions throughout the world, and this calendar is to acknowledge and celebrate the work that has been done by so many over the past 200 years.