Set of three WWI campaign medals (543):
Fr John Luck SJ was awarded this set of three campaign medals for serving as military chaplain 1916-19. The three medals are the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal, also known as Pip, Squeak and Wilfred, due to the medals being issued at the same time as the publication of a popular comic strip by the cartoonist A B Payne and somehow the three names of the characters of this comic became linked with the three medals.
- The 1914-15 Star was established in 1918 and was awarded to all who served in any theatre of war against Germany Aug 1914-Dec 1915. The reverse is plain with the recipient’s service number, rank, name and unit impressed on it.
- The British War Medal was established in 1919 and was awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who entered a theatre of war between Aug 1914-Nov 1918 with some extensions added later. The front of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient’s service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.
- The Allied Victory Medal had a more restrictive eligibility. Each of the allies issued their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. The recipient’s service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.
Fr John Murray SJ was on active duty in France during WWI prior to entering the Society in April 1919 and was awarded a military cross. Some of the military chaplains, including Fr Daniel Hughes SJ, Fr Edward Colley SJ and Fr John Stratton SJ, were also awarded this medal.
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